Trade and Market Information
Poland is a member of the European Union, the European Economic Area, the World Trade Organization and the OECD, a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, the Washington Convention, the Basel Convention, the Montreal Protocol and the International Coffee Agreement of 2001.
Imports into Poland are regulated by European standards, which promote trade free of any constraints. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the European Union has placed restrictions on certain products, especially agricultural ones, in line with the Common Agricultural Policy. Thus, the presence of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) in products must be reported and hormone-fed beef may not be imported into the EU.
Customs tariffs are on average very low, at about 4.2% (apart from some goods) for non-European countries and there are no customs duties for EU Member States.
In general imports under EU regulations do not require a licence but a Trade Declaration must be completed for imports into Poland. Moreover, for countries outside the European Union, an Entry Summary Declaration is required for any import into the EU.
The retail sector in Poland is now very varied and small shops rub shoulders with international chains. Although the former are widespread in rural areas, supermarkets (35% of retail) like Real, Hypernova, Tesco, Géant, Carrefour, Biedronka and Plus Discount are becoming increasingly prevalent in the cities and towns.
Bordering the Baltic Sea the two main Polish ports of Gdansk and Szeczin-Swinoujscie receive part of the 50 million tonnes of products circulating each year in Poland. The rail network is highly developed and is the the third-best-equipped network in Europe, particularly due to its international connections.
Finally, Polish industry is dominated by the construction sector, the industrial processing, paper, automobile, rubber and chemicals sectors, as well as the production of high-precision optics materials.
Employment Legislation in Poland
The legal duration of the Polish working week is 42 hours, with a minimum wage of around 400 EUR per month. The retirement age is 60 for women and 65 for men. Social insurance contributions are split as follows :
– 17.62% paid by the employer
– 18.45% contributed by the employee
There are three large unions in Poland: the Polish Free Independent Union, the Alliance of Polish Unions and the Polish Union of Teachers.
|Type of rights||Legislation||Validity of protection||Agreements signed|
|Patents||1972 Law on inventive activity||20 years||– Patent Cooperation Treaty- Strasbourg Agreement Concerning International Classification|
|Trademarks||1985 laws on trademarks||10 years, renewable||– Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services
-Madrid Agreement on Trademark Registration
|Reproduction rights||-Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
-Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers
-WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
-WIPO Copyright Treaty
Link : Copyright Office
Poland Political Data
Polish executive power is held by the President (Bronisław Komorowski), who appoints the Prime Minister (Ewa Kopacz). The Prime Minister appoints the Council of Ministers, on the President’s approval. Legislative power is held by two chambers:
- The Senate, made up of 100 members elected for four years.
- The Sejm, made up of 460 members, also elected for four years.
There are numerous political parties in Poland – the main parties include the following:
- Alliance of the Democratic Left
- Citizen Platform
- Democratic Party
- Workers’ Union
- Law and Justice
- League of Polish Families
- Party of Polish Peasants
- Self-Defence of the Polish Republic